What IS Liposuction?

Body Fat Management

Exercise, good eating habits, and a healthy lifestyle are the principle routes to a fit body. However, after a time, exercise and diet do not help reduce any more fat deposits. These are the stubborn adipose pockets.  Here, fat reduction techniques or plastic surgeries like liposuction help.

What is the Definition of Liposuction?

Going by the semantics, the term liposuction is a union of two Greek words – ‘lipo’ meaning fat and ‘suction’ meaning to suck out. As the term suggests, liposuction is a process of extracting stubborn fat deposits from under the skin with the help of a powerful suction device. This medically endorsed branch of plastic surgery is the preferred method for eliminating excess fat from specific body areas to obtain proper proportions. In liposuction, a stainless steel tube (known as a cannula) is used to break up the fat deposits of the body and to removed the fat.  A skilled surgeoin can sculpture your body into a more attractive shipe.  This alsoo often helps you look younger.

The procedure is also known as liposculpture, lipoplasty (meaning fat modeling), suction lipectomy, fat suction, or simply lipo. Liposuction is performed under the influence of anesthesia – local, regional, or general. The anesthesia selection depends on the surgeon’s discretion, the quantity of fat to be removed, and the sensitivity of the target body area. Liposuction is gaining popularity rapidly due to its low risk and high benefit profile.

Patient Eligibility

The minimum required age for this surgery is normally 18 years. Skin elasticity is important for best results. Liposuction is safest for people who are only  slightly higher than their normal height-to-weight ratio (called body mass index – BMI), but are unable to shed stubborn extra bulges in their flanks, buttocks, abdomen, arms, etc., despite dieting and exercising.

Reasons for Liposuction

  • Stubborn Genetic Fat Elimination: Persistent fat pockets, accumulated over time and resistant to diet and exercise, are treated through liposuction. This fat is often genetic or inherited. In women, a liposuction procedure is used primarily to treat thighs, waist, and abdomen, especially after childbirth. In men, abdomen, flanks, and chest are the most preferred areas.
  • Cosmetic Contouring: Done purely for cosmetic reasons, liposuction helps enhance the body shape by reducing bumps to curves. This boosts the body’s aesthetic appeal.
  • Removal of Fat Tumors or Lipomas: Lipomas are small benign growths of adipose tissues and are often hereditary. Lipoma removal is not medically required, as these are generally painless and harmless. However, they are often operated upon for cosmetic reasons. Surgical liposuction has made this a very simple, nearly painless and rapid procedure.
  • Health Benefits: Excess fat removal decreases the body mass index (BMI). This has an accompanying positive effect on blood pressure, diabetic conditions and cholesterol management. This in turn lowers the risk of stroke and  heart ailments.

Expectation Index

The expectations from liposuction surgery should be realistic. Before opting for the surgery, you should discuss your motives and expectations with the doctor. It is imperative to understand the pros and cons of this surgery and make an informed choice. Remember, liposuction does not ‘transform’ the body shape. It just reduces slight fat-related physical imperfections and takes time and patience to reach the required goal.


Liposuction does not treat obesity, cellulite or stretch marks. It is not a fitness technique and, therefore, is not a substitute for proper diet and exercise. You need to pursue your health regime even after liposuction. The process just enhances looks by slightly toning body contours.